duration: 2 hours
instructions: answer any three out of six questions, 20 marks each
(1) "Despite the state's commitment towards 'greening' Singapore, much of what constitues 'nature' in its landscapes is still highly contested". Using specific examples, evaluate the success of the 'garden city' concept in Singapore in the light of this statement.
(2) Drawing on a particular war site in Singapore, examine how heritage landscapes can be harnessed by the state for nation-building and discuss the ways in which this may be contested.
(3) "For a country that is not only small but bereft of natural resources, Singapore has still managed to remain competitive in the region by constantly reconfiguring its space". Through the lens of Singapore's economic landscapes, outline how this has been achieved and assess how successful it has been.
(4) By making reference to landscapes for the elderly in Singapore, discuss the extent to which you agree with the statement that "the older population are by and large 'forgotten' lot".
(5) "The state's strategy of treating foreign talent and foreign workers differently has resulted in highly fragmented landscapes". Discuss the relevance of this statement with regards to challenges that Singapore faces in achieving its global city aspirations.
(6) "The use of landscapes as a tool of nation-building can be challenged by forces both from within as well as outside the nation". Evaluate this statement in the context of Singapore's public housing landscapes. How has the state attempted to mitigate these challenges?
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